Help Wikipedia improve by adding precise citations! March Learn how and when to remove this template message Niti Saara or Niti Sastra is a popular collection of morals written by Baddena, a Telugu poet. Baddena ? Complete details about his origin are not known. But, He was believed to be a Chola prince and was called as Bhadra Bhupala. I shall expound Nitisara essence of maxims on right conduct compiled from all scriptures, bowing down to Vishnu, the lord of the universe.
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The eighteen mahapuranas total over , shlokas metrical couplets and date to at least several centuries BCE.
It is a system of morals social, economics and political. It is specially useful to rulers and ministers. In the knowledge tradition of India, ethics has its origin in its religious and philosophical thinking. In every religious tradition, good moral conduct is considered essential for a happy and contented life. For this one has to perform good deeds and avoid wrong-doing. The term arthashastra refers to both the name of these scientific teachings, as well as the name of a Sanskrit work included in such literature.
Sometimes it is called an ethical religion as it does not discuss or depend on the existence of God the Supreme Being with form and attributes but instead believes in alleviating the suffering of humanity. The ethical values in this faith are based on the life and teachings of the Buddha. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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Chanakya’s Niti Shastra in English
Lucknow, India Chapter One 1. Humbly bowing down before the almighty Lord Sri Vishnu, the Lord of the three worlds, I recite maxims of the science of political ethics niti selected from the various satras. That man who by the study of these maxims from the shastras acquires a knowledge of the most celebrated principles of duty, and understands what ought and what ought not to be followed, and what is good and what is bad, is most excellent. Therefore with an eye to the public good, I shall speak that which, when understood, will lead to an understanding of things in their proper perspective. Even a pandit comes to grief by giving instruction to a foolish disciple, by maintaining a wicked wife, and by excessive familiarity with the miserable.
Nitishastra, Nītiśāstra, Niti-shastra: 7 definitions