LUEHEA SPECIOSA PDF

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Although there are studies showing the chemical constituents of some species, the active substances have not been properly identified. Luehea divaricata was the species with the highest number of studies observed. Triterpenes 9 , flavonoids 6 , and steroids 4 , including saponins, organic acids 4 , and one lignan, are the main types of secondary metabolites registered and the most cited flavonoids were rutin and quercetin and among triterpenes there was maslinic acid, which might be associated with the popular indication of its anti-inflammatory action. The vitexin, a C-glycosylated flavone, isolated from three different species, is cited as a possible taxonomic marker of the genus.

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Although there are studies showing the chemical constituents of some species, the active substances have not been properly identified. Luehea divaricata was the species with the highest number of studies observed.

Triterpenes 9 , flavonoids 6 , and steroids 4 , including saponins, organic acids 4 , and one lignan, are the main types of secondary metabolites registered and the most cited flavonoids were rutin and quercetin and among triterpenes there was maslinic acid, which might be associated with the popular indication of its anti-inflammatory action.

The vitexin, a C-glycosylated flavone, isolated from three different species, is cited as a possible taxonomic marker of the genus. Some pharmacological activities, not assigned to the species of the genus Luehea by populations, were observed in laboratory experiments.

Introduction Malvaceae is a family consisting of herbs, subshrubs, shrubs, lianas, and small and large trees, with about genera and 4, species, of which, in Brazil, about 80 genera and species are found [ 1 ]. According to the List of Species of Flora of Brazil, 69 genera and species are indicated, with 30 genera distributed in taxa of the subfamily Malvoideae [ 2 , 3 ]. Luehea genus, which belongs to Malvaceae family, is essentially neotropical, existing in southern Mexico, including the West Indies to Uruguay and Argentina.

Currently there are about 25 species and 3 varieties, of which 12 species and one variety exist in Brazil, with its highest concentration in the southeast and midwest regions [ 4 ]. The genus Luehea is present in Brazilian Cerrado and thirteen species are registered in Brazilian herbariums: Luehea altheaeflora Spruce ex Benth. The lectotype of L. To Rizzini and Mors [ 6 ], the various species are very similar to each other, getting the same common names horse-whips and having identical uses.

Among the species of this genus, the most cited are L. The closest species of L. The herbarium specimens of L. However, L. A Luehea herbal product, composed of dried leaves, is used against dysentery, leucorrhoea, rheumatism, gonorrhea, and tumors; infusion of the flowers is used against bronchitis and the root is depurative [ 10 ].

Aerial parts of L. Backes and Irgang [ 12 ] reported the use of the bark of this plant as antirheumatic, antidiarrheal, antiseptic, expectorant, and cleanser.

The current state of knowledge of the chemistry and pharmacology of genus Luehea indicates its potential for developing anti-inflammatory drugs and antibiotics; however, few studies with species of this genus were reported. Due to the importance of the genus Luehea, as a source of new medicinal agents, a review is worthwhile. Data was also obtained from theses, proceedings, and book of abstracts and reviews indexed in the databases, used for this work, as well as abstracts and full papers published in scientific events.

Dissertations and doctoral theses of Brazilian and international students with relevant data were also examined. Data presented include scientific name and activities of the plants. Development 2. Chemical Aspects 2. Luehea divaricata Little information is known about the chemical constituents present in the genus Luehea [ 8 ]. The phytochemical analysis of the leaves of this species showed mainly the presence of flavonoids, saponins, and catechin tannins condensed tannins [ 13 ].

To a lesser extent, the authors cited the presence of alkaloids, fixed oils, anthocyanins, carotenoids, and polysaccharides. The species presents tannins, essential oil, resin, and mucilage [ 14 ]. Portal et al. Lopes [ 18 ], through phytochemical study of L.

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Luehea speciosa

Dailrajas Species specific search options Taxon Hierarchy. Summary [ edit ] Description Luehea speciosa. Remember me Forgot password? Uses and Management Uses and Luegea. Tree Atlas of Panama. If the file has been modified from its original state, some details such as the timestamp may not fully reflect those of the original file.

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Açoita-cavalo

Yocage Search in all groups Search within this group. Occurrence Occurrence Occurrence Ulehea. Checklists specific search options Observed during. The contrast in flowers between L.

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