KISHANGANGA PROJECT PDF

Kishenganga project Location of the Neelum—Jhelum and Kishanganga projects in Kashmir The westward flowing Jhelum River has two main tributaries, one being the Kishenganga River Neelum River in the north at a higher elevation and the other being the Jhelum river itself at a lower elevation. The two rivers originate in Kashmir and flow west into Pakistan-administered Azad Kashmir before joining together near Muzaffarabad. This situation presents the unique opportunity of diverting waters from the Kishenganga into Jhelum through a tunnel and use the consequent flows to generate power. Both India and Pakistan have explored the possibility and came up with respective projects: the Kishenganga project in Indian-administered Kashmir and the Neelum—Jhelum project in Pakistan-administered Kashmir. The tunnel is received by a surge chamber before sending water to the underground power house which contains 3 x MW Pelton turbine -generators.

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IWT has given Pakistan full control over these three western rivers for unrestricted use. Besides, it also allows India to construct hydroelectric power facilities on these rivers along with other uses, subject to constraints specified in annexures to the treaty. Background Due differences over these projects, Pakistan had asked World Bank to facilitate the setting up of a Court of Arbitration to look into its concerns.

After that, representatives of the World Bank had held talks with India and Pakistan to find a way out separately. It deals with sharing of water of Indus water system having six rivers — Beas, Ravi, Sutlej, Indus, Chenab and Jhelum between the two countries. It is most successful water treaty in world. Even, it has survived India-Pakistan wars of , and the Kargil standoff besides Kashmir insurgency since As per treaty, control over three eastern rivers Ravi, Beas and Sutlej was given to India.

While control over three western rivers Indus, Jhelum and Chenab was given to Pakistan. Most disagreements and disputes have been settled via legal procedures, provided for within the framework of the treaty.

The Commission solves disputes arising over water sharing. Besides, treaty also provides arbitration mechanism to solve disputes amicably.

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Kishanganga Hydroelectric Plant

IWT has given Pakistan full control over these three western rivers for unrestricted use. Besides, it also allows India to construct hydroelectric power facilities on these rivers along with other uses, subject to constraints specified in annexures to the treaty. Background Due differences over these projects, Pakistan had asked World Bank to facilitate the setting up of a Court of Arbitration to look into its concerns. After that, representatives of the World Bank had held talks with India and Pakistan to find a way out separately. It deals with sharing of water of Indus water system having six rivers — Beas, Ravi, Sutlej, Indus, Chenab and Jhelum between the two countries.

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Kishanganga Hydroelectric Project

Narendra Modi inaugurates Kishanganga hydropower project in Kashmir 2 min read. The development assumes significance given the strategic importance of the megawatt MW project on the river Kishanganga, a tributary of Jhelum. The Jhelum originates in India and flows into Pakistan, and according to the Indus Water Treaty, whoever builds the project first will have the first rights on the river water. Jammu and Kashmir will not only get free but also sufficient power, PM Modi said in a tweet. This project is ready to add a new dimension in the growth journey of Jammu and Kashmir, added Modi in another tweet. The National Democratic Alliance NDA government has stepped up efforts to develop the infrastructure architecture for the state which has witnessed an unprecedented cycle of violence in recent years.

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Neelum River

It will have an installed capacity of MW; its construction on the project began in and is expected to be complete in Both projects follow similar principle of design and operation i. See more Pakistan fears that the Kishanganga Project will divert a portion of the Kishanganga water flow which will reduce power generation at the Neelum-Jhelum Hydropower Plant. But this does not mean that water flow is not affected. In , Pakistan appealed to the International Court of Justice for resolution of the conflict under the provisions of the Indus Waters Treaty [1], saying that diversion violated provisions of the Indus Waters Treaty of [2]. The court has not only asked India to increase the environmental water flow downstream from the dam but has also ruled that all other subsequent projects cannot draw down the water level in projects below the dead storage level.

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Kishanganga Project Current Affairs - 2020

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