By ande With the discovery of the Ebla tablets came a wave of religious response. There are many who believe that the tablets provide reference to the Old Testament through the mention of names and specific events. Along with the disputed mentions of specific names came the disputed mentions of specific cities, the most notable being Urusalima, which many believe is Jerusalem Two of arguments held onto the strongest by those who believe the tablets give validity to the bible are the tablets that hold a story of a flood and a story of creation. Professor Pettinato seemingly confirmed that there was a record of a flood that lasted for seven days, similar to the Babylonian version in the Epic of Gilgamesh.
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Royal palace "G" in Ebla. There are elaborations as to the penalties incurred when a person is injured, and there are details about various trials. The tablets depict a civilization about 1, years earlier than that of Moses, which provided important written information about the administration of justice.
It was clearly a highly-developed civilization, with concepts of justice and individual rights to the fore. Although the majority of the tablets deal with economic matters and other commercial dealings, others described topics such as offerings to the gods, rituals, and legends. Rituals associated with the gods are referred to, many of these gods being known in Babylonian literature of a later period. Languages Used on the Tablets The Ebla tablets were written in two languages, Sumerian and a previously unknown Semitic dialect which scholars have named Eblaite.
The discovery of the ancient language initiated an academic debate regarding the origins of this new dialect, and whether it came from the east Semitic branch, Akkadian, or from a west Semitic branch linking it to the Canaanite language. The writing is considered a hybrid, adopting partial Sumerian words and partial characters that express syllables in the local vernacular.
David Noel Freedman has explained that, "There are vocabulary lists in both languages which will provide a very ample glossary for the study of the other texts and of the Bible. Individual items will ultimately affect the interpretation of almost every page of the Hebrew Bible as research continues.
There is an extensive area of overlapping information between the Ebla tablets and Biblical text. The tablets also contained the name Yah, the short version for Yahweh, the personal name of the God of Israel. Another remarkable discovery came with the mentioning of Sinai in the tablets.
This was surprising for a number of reasons, including the suggestion that it could be a city on the coast, and simply the mentioning of it at all. This may impact what was previously thought about the location of Mount Sinai in connection with the Exodus stories.
There are different theories regarding the location of Mount Sinai. According to Dr. One of the Ebla Tablets. A Lampstand Professor Giovanni Pettinato, an epigrapher also from the University of Rome, believes that he has found something very significant on one of the Ebla tablets containing information of geographical names - including the ones of the five cities of the plain Sodom, Gomorrah, Admah, Zeboim and Bela.
The five cities of the plain are mentioned together as a five-city league in only one chapter in the Bible, Genesis This could suggest a type of connection between the list in Genesis 14 and the list on the Ebla tablet.
Ebla: Its Impact on Bible Records
But could Ebla also speak for itself? Up till then, Ebla had attracted little interest outside the world of Near Eastern archaeology, and indeed relatively muted interest within it. The excavations dramatically changed all that. The full extent and significance of this complex became clear in the excavations. Was this the base of a royal throne? There was no doubt that the building was a royal palace.
Justice, Myths, and Biblical Evidence: The Wealth of Information Held in the Ebla Clay Tablets
Ebla Tablets Introduction Archaeologists knew from their study of Sumerian, Akkadian and Egyptian texts that there had been once an ancient assyrian empire called Ebla. In a young graduate of Rome University, Paolo Matthiae and his team uncovered the remains of a city under what was known as Tell Mardikh pictured some 30 km south of Aleppo in northern Syria. The tell was identified during their excavation of , when they unearthed a male statue containing a line inscription with the words; dedicated to Ibbit -Lim, son of Ikris-Hepa, King of Ebla. When the tablets were first found, it was soon realised that the city used a very ancient language in the North West Semitic group which was previously unknown. Professor Pettinato labelled this Paleo-Canaanite. These Ebla tablets are written in a Sumerian script, with Sumerian logograms adapted to represent Akkadian words and syllables.