Early life[ edit ] From the evidence of his will, he was probably born in Beersel , in the vicinity of Brussels , the illegitimate child of an unknown priest and a woman named Marie Du Fayt. She moved with her son to Cambrai early in his life, staying with a relative who was a canon of the cathedral there. In June , aged around 16, he had already been given a benefice as chaplain at St. He likely stayed there until , at which time he returned to Cambrai. In he left Cambrai for Italy — first to Rimini and then to Pesaro , where he worked for the Malatesta family.
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Edit Ave Stella Maris is a hymn that was originally attributed to St. Bernard, who lived in the 12 century, but actually precedes him by several hundred years. The poem is seven stanzas, or stropes, each being four lines, and was very popular in the Middle Ages as a musical setting for the Mass, specifically the Divine Hours. It was written in honor of the Virgin Mary.
Blessed Mother of God, yet ever a virgin! O happy gate of heaven! Show thyself a mother, and offer our prayers to him, who would be born of thee, when born for us.
O incomparable Virgin, and meekest Or the meek, obtain us the forgiveness of our sins, and make us meek and chaste. Obtain us purity of life, and a safe pilgrimage; that we may be united with thee in the blissful vision of Jesus.
Hail Mary, full of grace, alleluia. The Lord is with thee, alleluia. His compositional style in this piece is an excellent example of the use of fauxbourdon. The middle voice is a fourth lower than the highest voice.
The lower voice is very active. Parts of the plainchant melody can be heard in the stanzas. Careful attention seems to be taken in the placement of the text. This could be due to the fact that in the Kyrie, there are four voices as opposed to three in the Ave Maris Stella. Also, Dufay was probably influenced by the English style which made extensive use of those intervals. Observations Edit Simply put, this is, a beautiful piece of music.
One can only imagine how it would sound in the cathedrals of the Middle Ages, with its unique acoustics. Works Cited.
Guillaume Du Fay
Ave maris stella