It shows the importance of growing hemp. In humorous, but also convincing form, it shall serve to resolve any doubts about the production of hemp and shall serve to revitalize the marsh lands. Too often in the past we have been disappointed when we relied on others. What Germany produces and creates today is thanks only to its own strength, and this strength grows from the German spirit and the German soil.
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It shows the importance of growing hemp. In humorous, but also convincing form, it shall serve to resolve any doubts about the production of hemp and shall serve to revitalize the marsh lands. Too often in the past we have been disappointed when we relied on others.
What Germany produces and creates today is thanks only to its own strength, and this strength grows from the German spirit and the German soil.
Crops should not only provide food in large quantities, they can provide raw materials for industry. Among such raw materials of especially high value is hemp. What it provides, where it is planted, what is made from it, what must be understood to grow it, can all be learned from this primer. Products of Hemp Cultivation The plant itself is large and powerful, and its output is multifaceted.
It grows higher than man, very quickly. Every part is dedicated to serve the four-year plan. The seed, of high value, provides sowing material and is the favored meal of the titmouse, because when it eats hemp seed, its song is loud and full of love. The woody part of this large plant is not to be thrown out, since it can easily be used for surface coatings for the finest floors. It also provides paper and cardboard, building materials and wall paneling.
Further processing will even produce wood sugar and wood gas. However, all the above pale in comparison to the usefulness of its fiber. Only rarely has it happened that a rope made of hemp has failed. Those who need clothes lines through wind and storm, who aspire to the highest peaks with a rope, who want to weave and tightly bind, who sail through the strongest of winds, who need a cable at port, who lead bulls by a line, who lasso wild horses, who wish to catch fish with a net, who want to fight fires with a hose, who dangle at the end of swim vests, who need to climb up high rope ladders, who dance and do gymnastics high upon a rope, who in the boxing ring are punched quite hard, and need support at the ropes, who repel down deep shafts—should consider only the rope made of hemp.
More peaceful products can also be spun and produced from hemp. For example: carpets for apartments; straps for belts and corsets.
Hemp also provides towels and linens and strong bindings for books. Also fustian, belts, sacks -- items of much use! Expansion of Hemp Production So you see that hemp is worthy of having its cultivation increased. Hemp fiber and seed are primarily imported, even though it would grow well on our soil. Sixty years ago, German ground produced much more hemp. However, if you want the production to be plenty, be sure to prepare properly.
If you want the crop to make you happy, it must be tended to. Production was 21, hectares in By it had fallen to only hectares, but in production was back up to 16, hectares. During the war years production has continued to climb. But please remember one important thing: hemp production should never displace breads and fruits from any fields.
Such a move would have bitter consequences. Instead, cultivate hemp where it belongs. This is explained below. Soil and Location Hemp grows best—as indicated before—in low-level marshes. Here humus and moisture provide the ideal environment. Hemp, the little glutton, uses much water over its lifespan, which it sucks through deep roots from the bottoms of marshes. As much as hemp likes water, too much makes it sad.
If the ground is constantly soaked, hemp stays small and pale. He who grows hemp in the moor is carrying on true moor-culture since the options are quite limited: The moor farmer grows potatoes, cabbage, and some grains as well as corn. Little else can grow here. When growing other crops in the marsh, even if the seeds sprout nicely, the weed growth is extensive.
Hacking and hoeing without rest, the moor gets dry and withered. As the moisture seeps out, the moor gets dusty and useless. Here the mighty hemp plant enters as saviour of the moor lands. It grows quick and large and helps cultivate the land. It keeps the moor ground dark, clean and healthy. Crop Sequence and Prior Crops Above we have indicated where hemp grows, and that hemp is not demanding of prior crops. It grows well after fruits, corn, vegetables, grasses and grains. Moreover, shady hemp—this is clear, does provide the best prior crop, because its tall, wide, dense growth.
After hemp, all grains grow well and without problems. Another thing which is not common: hemp is compatible with itself.
Grow it on the same field over and over again and production still thrives. Soil Preparation Hemp likes to be sown in a deep and loose field, where it can reach deep with its root for nourishment, resulting in dense, luxurious growth.
To accommodate this demand, plow deeply in the fall. If hemp is to grow on virgin soil, the ground must be loosed in the fall so that water and frost can fill all crevices and crumble the ground into small pieces. In the spring the soil must be smoothed.
It is best to use a disk harrow. The finer the harrow knives cut the soil clumps, the better. This way hemp need not starve or suffer. To prepare the ground even better, use a roller early on. It makes the field crumbly and clear. Especially in the moor, the heavy roller solidifies the loose ground.
Hemp loves this solid foundation. Fertilizer To grow quickly from child to adult, one needs sufficient nutrition; hemp is no different. If you want it to grow real quickly, provide nutrition since its appetite is enormous for foods in easily absorbed form. If you wish to give good nourishment, be generous with the nitrogen. Hemp will be grateful and will shoot straight up without hesitation.
Also calcium in various forms provide it strength and speed. Potash and phosphorous3 aid its high stems and lead to especially strong ropes. Be sure, however, that you fertilize early! The best time is prior to sowing so the fertilizer has time to seep into the ground properly before it is called upon.
At this point fertilizing never helps and is just a waste of time. Also manure provided to the soil in the fall will accelerate growth dramatically, since the rich mass of bacteria provides much nutrition. Regardless of the fertilizer selected, it must enter the ground early. After all, what good is the best food if the water has no time to make it soluble?
It will provide the quickest growth with dense, luxurious leaves. Types and Seeds If hemp is to yield much product, pay attention to the seed type. Late hemp will seldom dry in time even with the best bundling. German varieties, all well-bred, are targeted to early blooming. Make sure you use seeds guaranteed to ripen and that produce strong stems and many seeds. This prevents birds from stealing your seed before it sprouts. After seeding, once again, use the harrow and the roller gently.
Seeding should occur as soon as the ground is dry in the spring. If you only have access to foreign seeds, the end of April is the right time. But middle of May is not too late if you have access to German seeds. It is also important that your seed density is right. High density provides field integrity and quality stalks. When stems grow long and thin, they provide the best fibers.
Set your drilling unit on row-width 20 and plant about 80 kilograms of seed per hectare. The Plant After only three weeks, the field is dense with growth.
And any weeds which may have been around are choked off by this dense growth. Thus, even in the moor ground, need for tending the crop is virtually unheard of. If you plant in cohesive soils clay , hoeing and weed removal are advised, but you must be quick, otherwise the plants will be too large to work around. The seeds then grow in size. When the seeds are fully brown, the hemp must be harvested. To accelerate the harvest you must mechanize. In most cases, a mowing machine with manual bunching is advised.
Even with hemp of exceptional length this works quite well. Using a bailing mower will save much work, time and effort.
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Die lustige Hanffibel
Die lustige Hanffibel 1943 Scan Fraktur