However these snakes have also been discovered at heights of meters. The snakes inhabit open areas, fields, grass landscapes and forests. They are in close proximity to waters quite frequently. Several times I have also found these animals in areas in the south of Thailand, where there was no water for several hundred meters in any direction. The snakes avoid sunlight.
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Primarily snakes, but also feeds on other prey like lizards, frogs and rodents How easy to find Widespread, but encounters are uncommon. Best time of year Wet season is the preferred time Best time of day Mostly night time, sometimes late afternoon Threats Most likely no major threat, but if at all it is likely habitat loss.
All black specimens might occur though seem to be extremely rare in Thailand. Most of the time the white bands have little black specks. Take extreme care when identifying black-and-white banded snakes, as even various professional herpetologists have made huge mistakes in some case even a fatal mistake! Not the smartest move in our opinion… Be careful because the venom of these snakes is very potent. The other dorsal scales highlighted in green are much smaller and differently shaped.
Malayan Banded Wolf Snake Lycodon subcinctus dorsal scales highlighted in green. No enlarged vertebral scales like the venomous kraits it resembles. There are various species that resemble the Bungarus candidus. Still, be careful, especially in younger specimens this might not always be as clearly visible.
The bridle snakes have a much longer and slender appearance than the Malayan Krait, but the wolf snakes are very similar in built. I will mention the one of the best mimics, plus some other species including the other black and white Thai krait that could be confused with the Bungarus candidus. Lycodon subcinctus — White-banded Wolf Snake White-banded Wolf Snake Lycodon subcinctus , one of the best Malayan Krait-mimicking species, easiest to keep apart by the lack of enlarged scales on the dorsal ridge.
This species is harmless and is one of the best Bungarus candidus mimics of all wolf snakes. There is some variation within this species, possibly it is a complex of species, and apart from the fact these wolf snakes do not have the enlarged vertebral scale row found in kraits, there is hardly any difference at all, even less so when comparing juveniles of this species with juveniles of the Malayan Krait.
But the bands are thinner and much higher in total number, should be generally over 40 total count. Also the black actually tends more towards deep dark brown, and the white bands are clean without the black specks that are usually found in the white banding of the B.
The Bungarus fasciatus usually has black and yellow bands. However in some cases this species can be similarly black and white. However other ways to distinquish this species is first of all by the stump tail whereas the Malayan Krait has a long and tapered tail. Also, in general the triangular body shape is much more pronounced in the Banded Krait than in the Malayan Krait. And the head of the Banded Krait is a bit more distinct from the body than in the Malayan Krait. However this species is much more slender, the white bands are thin, and become more reticulated towards the tail.
Also this species has no enlarged scale row on the vertebral ridge, unlike the krait. Behaviour These snakes are nocturnal and primarily terrestrial, though there have been records of them climbing trees. They are active hunters that will move around at night in search of prey, mostly other snakes.
If bothered it might make short powerful moves and then freeze in a new position. In most cases there is no attempt of biting, but obviously care should be taken! Malayan Krait Bungarus candidus are mainly terrestrial, though have been recorded climbing trees. And habitat type varies a lot from moist primary evergreen forests to dry deciduous shrubby areas with sandy soil. Waterways and rocky areas seem to be amongst their prefered habitats, though not exclusively. Maybe this might proof in the future to be enough ground for splitting the species into multiple species.
Malayan Krait Bungarus candidus typically hiding its head under its body in Kaeng Krachan district, Phetchaburi, Thailand How to find this species in Thailand? One of the reasons it is high on the list for most herpers that visit Thailand. My experience is that they are most active in the wet months of the year, and searching near waterways and rocky areas seems to increase your chances.
Once you do cross paths, it is usually hard to miss.
Description Edit Kraits usually range between 1. The banded krait B. This may serve as aposematic colouration in its habitat of grassland and scrub jungle. The scales along the dorsal ridge of the back are hexagonal. The head is slender, and the eyes have round pupils. Kraits have pronounced dorsolateral flattening, which causes them to be triangular in cross section. Diet and behavior Edit Kraits are ophiophagous , preying primarily upon other snakes including venomous varieties and are cannibalistic , feeding on other kraits.