Birth[ edit ] He was born in in the village of Pombhurle in Devgad taluka Sindhudurga in Konkan region of Maharashtra state. Talented and intelligent since childhood, Jambhekar became a great scholar and researcher in many subjects on adulthood. He was active only for a very short period, but his exceptional work left a permanent mark on India. Establishment of First Newspaper in Marathi Language — Darpan[ edit ] Balshastri Jambhekar had grasped correctly the importance and power of the print media in the coming times during British Rule in India.
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Birth[ edit ] He was born in the village of Pombhurle in Rajapur taluka Ratnagiri in Konkan region of Maharashtra state. Talented and intelligent since childhood, Jambhekar became a great scholar and researcher in many subjects on adulthood. He was active only for a very short period, but his exceptional work left a permanent mark on India. He was sure that if the British was to be overthrown and freedom was to be attained, then it was essential to awaken the masses and the print media was the most useful tool to that end.
The newspaper Darpan was born out of this patriotism and social awareness. He founded Darpan as the first Marathi newspaper. He was editor of this newspaper during the British rule in India. This turned out to be the beginning of Marathi journalism. Balshastri Jambhekar was only 20 years old then. His associates in this phase included people like Govind Kunte and Bhau Mahajan. The first issue of Darpan was published on 6 January The newspaper was printed both in English and Marathi languages in two separate columns.
Marathi was meant for the general public and English was meant for the ruling British. It was priced at 1 rupee. Newspaper was a new idea in India at that time hence there were very few subscribers in the beginning but slowly people appreciated it and agreed with the thoughts expressed in it.
The readership grew. It was published for eight and half years. The last issue was published in July Social Impact of Darpan[ edit ] He specifically dealt with the issues of widow re-marriage in his newspaper. He tried to develop a scientific set of mind in the masses of uneducated India. This resulted in a large-scale debate in the society and finally in a movement for the support of widow re-marriage.
He passionately desired that the knowledge should percolate in the society and Darpan was one of the means to this end. He was aware that the country could only progress with the use of scientific knowledge and a rational outlook towards social problems.
He wanted to build a society having a scientific outlook. He was one of those social activists who made continuous effort in generating useful and healthy consciousness amongst the common masses and attempted to educate the uneducated.
His never-dying talent and endeavour left a stamp over not only the Maharashtrian public, but across India, as a distinguished social reformer and journalist. Other contributions[ edit ] Balshastri Jambhekar understood the importance of public libraries.
Intellectual giants like Dadabhai Navroji and Bhau Daji Lad drew inspiration through these institutions. In he published first Marathi monthly, Digdarshan meaning direction in English. He edited this magazine for 5 years.
Digdarshan published articles on various subjects including physics, chemistry, geography, history etc. He had mastery in many languages including Marathi, Sanskrit, English and Hindi. He was the first Indian to have published research papers in the quarterly journal of the Asiatic Society.
He was the first person to print Dnyaneshwari in It was known as the first ever-printed version. He was also well known as the first professor of Hindi in the Elphinston College, Mumbai. He also worked as Director of the Colaba Observatory. He was active during the years to and worked for the betterment of Maharashtra and India.
He had a very short life span of just 34 years. But in those years as well he tried to educate people and develop a scientific mindset. He a stamp of his personality as a social reformer and a journalist during the period to Recognition[ edit ] For these contributions in the form of first Marathi newspaper and first Marathi monthly, he is acknowledged as The Father of Marathi Journalism. His birthday and coincidentally the day of publication of the first issue of Darpan is 6 January and it is celebrated as the Journalist Day in Maharashtra in his memory.
While he died in further recognition was forthcoming in when Justice Narayan Ganesh Chandavarkar while delivering eulogy for the just died Justice M G Ranade in whose place he had been appointed as justice at Bombay High Court noted that in terms of intellectual stature Balshastri Jambhekar was perhaps the only one who could have matched up to the intellectual level of Justice Ranade who he said was one of the foremost of Indian university graduates.
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Balshastri Jambhekar - Father of Marathi Journalism